The Yellow Birch, Betula alleghaniensis, is easy to spot with its distinctive peeling bark. The inner bark contains oil of wintergreen, as does the smooth barked Sweet Birch. Snap a twig on either species for a wonderful aroma of wintergreen.
This member of the Birch family supplies most of the timber used for birch furniture and interior finishing.
The curled papery bark was carried by Native Americans as tinder for fire starting, sort of like a Bic lighter of the times.